Dog Vaccination

Dog Vaccination

Vaccinations are given to prevent infectious diseases in dogs.  It is essential that all dogs are adequately vaccinated to help protect the dog population as a whole.

Puppies

Puppies are temporarily protected against many diseases by antibodies received through their mother’s milk (providing she has regular vaccinations). The maternal antibodies decline in the first couple of months of their lives, therefore puppies require a course of vaccinations (6, 12 and 16 weeks) followed by annual vaccination to maintain immunity against disease.

Adult Dogs

The immunity from puppy vaccinations weakens over time and dogs can again become susceptible to disease, therefore annual health assessments and booster vaccinations are required to provide the best protection.

After Vaccination Care

Following vaccination your puppy or dog may be slightly off-colour for a day or two.  Access to food and water and a comfortable area to rest is usually all that is required for a quick recovery. However, if the response to vaccination seems more severe, please contact us for advice.

Reminders

Andergrove Veterinary Clinic sends regular reminders for routine vaccination. Please phone us if you have a query regarding the vaccination status of your dog so we can provide you with the necessary information.

All dogs receive a health assessment prior to vaccination

 

Diseases that we protect against in Mackay

Canine Parvovirus

Canine parvovirus is a disease that affects dogs of all ages but more commonly young dogs under 12 months that are not vaccinated. The virus attacks the intestines causing bloodstained diarrhoea, uncontrollable vomiting and severe abdominal pain. Dogs often die from severe dehydration despite intensive veterinary care.

It is important to know that your dog does not have to come in direct contact with another dog to contract parvovirus. The virus is so sturdy that the infected dog’s environment becomes the ground for passing on the disease (up to 2 years).  The area needs to be cleaned with a potent disinfectant to prevent spread to other dogs. Outbreaks occur regularly throughout Australia, especially in summer.

Canine Distemper

Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral disease that can affect dogs of any age with young puppies being at highest risk.

Symptoms vary but can include fever, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite and depression. Muscle tremors, fits and paralysis usually occur later in the disease. Treatment is usually ineffective and the recovery rate very low. Dogs that do recover may have permanent brain damage.

Canine Hepatitis

Canine hepatitis is a viral disease which, like distemper is extremely contagious and often fatal. Dogs of any age can become infected, however severe cases are rare in dogs over two years of age.

Symptoms include high fever, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea and acute abdominal pain. In severe cases death can occur within 24 to 36 hours. Dogs that recover may develop long term liver and kidney problems and can act as carriers spreading the disease to other dogs for many months.

Canine Cough

Canine cough is a condition produced by several highly infectious diseases, which can be easily spread wherever dogs congregate, such as parks, shows, obedience schools and boarding kennels. Among the infectious agents associated with canine cough is the bacterium known as Bordetella bronchiseptica and the canine virus parainfluenza.

Affected dogs have a dry hacking cough which can persist for several weeks. It is distressing for pet dogs and their owners. It is a major problem for working and sporting dogs. Pneumonia can also be a consequence of infection.

Canine Coronavirus

Canine coronavirus is another contagious virus and causes depression, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhoea especially in young dogs. Diarrhoea may last for several days in some cases. Although most dogs will recover with treatment, coronavirus has the potential to be fatal, especially if other infectious agents such as parvovirus are present.

Canine Leptospirosis

Canine leptospirosis is a serious disease risk in Mackay and has a high mortality rate. It is spread by the urine of rats and is usually transmitted to dogs by contaminated food and water, or by bites.

There’s an increased risk due to high rat population due to green sugar cane cutting areas. Incidence can also increase after long periods of wet weather. Leptospirosis is a disease that can be passed on to humans who may then suffer a persisting “flu like” illness.